While Balkan nations have been struggling to recover following a series of wars and crises in the 1990s, environmental issues often come last for the countries whose economies are lagging far behind the rest of Europe and where public funds are vulnerable to widespread corruption. The two emerald-colored rivers — the Drina flows along the border between Serbia and Bosnia — during summer are favored by adventurers and water rafters who enjoy the winding waterways and seemingly pristine nature. Looking at the rubbish-strewn lake, he added that “even if only a fraction of that waste ends up in the Lim River, we get this.” Environmentalists in the Balkans have warned that because most landfills aren’t managed properly they leak toxic materials into rivers, threatening ecosystems and wildlife. A trash collector walks at the burning landfill near Priboj, in southwest Serbia, January 22, 2021.
Bosnia too has reported a garbage pileup that endangers the hydroelectric dam on the Drina River, near the eastern town of Visegrad. These are needed also if Serbia and other Balkan countries wish to move closer to EU membership. “We must find common ground and solve this by joining forces.” Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia have held meetings on the issue but little has been done. The surface of the lake got covered in a thick layer of waste ranging from plastics to rusty metal scraps, tree trunks and even reportedly a coffin. Jugoslav Jovanovic, from Serbia’s state-run Srbijavode company that is in charge of the country’s water system, put the waste problem down to “our neglect and lack of care.” Landfills are located too close to rivers and are overfilled rather than closed down over the years, he warned. The problem usually comes into focus in winter, when swollen waters sweep over landfills, pushing the garbage toward hydropower dams. Serbia and other Balkan nations are overwhelmed by communal waste after decades of neglect and a lack of efficient waste-management policies in the countries aspiring to join the European Union. “The reason why we should take care of our environment is for our own future generations.”
First published on January 26, 2021 / 5:57 AM However, all the garbage from the water will end up again on a landfill in western Serbia. “This is not European Union’s obligation. Experts predict the clearing of Potpec lake will take a few weeks, depending on the weather. Darko Vojinovic/AP
Priboj, Serbia — Trucks and building machines are parked on a river dam in southwest Serbia, but not for construction work. Darko Vojinovic/AP
Goran Rekovic, an activist from the nearby town of Priboj, said raising public awareness about pollution is a key goal, along with “institutional and systematic” solutions. The Lim is one of the tributaries of the Drina, which makes their waterways — and garbage flows — closely connected. Huge cranes clear tons of garbage stuck at the foot of the hydro power plant at the Potpecko accumulation lake near Priboj, in southwest Serbia, January 22, 2021.
The garbage has been swept downstream by the Lim River, which feeds the Potpec dam. “Based on a recent study, we found out that in these towns, in the five municipalities in Montenegro and three in Serbia, about 45,000 tons of waste are collected (per year),” said Predrag Saponjic, the Lim River hydropower plant system manager. The Lim originates in neighboring Montenegro, passing through several municipalities and their waste sites in both Montenegro and Serbia. Lake of garbage: Every winter pollution is swept from overflowing landfills into Balkan waterways
January 26, 2021 / 5:57 AM
Garbage floats on the Potpec accumulation lake near Priboj, in southwest Serbia, January 22, 2021. This has been the case at the Potpec accumulation lake near the power plant after a spate of rainy and snowy weather in December and early January. Burning rubbish dumps can be seen from the roads, plastic bags are hanging from trees and islands of waste are floating down the region’s rivers. A crane clears tons of garbage stuck at the foot of the hydro power plant at the Potpec accumulation lake near Priboj, in southwest Serbia, January 22, 2021.
“If we find ourselves forced to do this year after year, then that’s not really a solution,” he said of the clearing operation. Plastic bottles and waste float at the Potpec accumulation lake near Priboj, in southwest Serbia, January 22, 2021. The Balkan countries also face other environmental emergencies, including dangerous levels of air pollution in many cities. Instead, huge cranes are being used to clear tons of garbage crammed at the foot of the power plant. We should not be doing this for them,” Rekovic said.